Wednesday, December 30, 2015

Data: Private School Enrollment by Race and Ethnicity 2015-16

For families looking at private schools, here are two sources of detailed information on enrollment by race and by grade. The 2013 version of this post is here.

Enrollment by Race and Ethnicity


The Private School Universe Survey (PSS), conducted every 2 years by the US Department of Education, asks schools for information on enrollment by race and grade. The table below shows the trends in enrollment by race/ethnicity for schools with over 50 students.

Private School Enrollment by Race and Ethnicity, 2015-16

SCHOOL Source and
Year
White Asian Latino African American Two or
more races
SF SCHOOL* website 2015-16 49% 51% students of color
PSS 2013-14 45% 20% 7% 9% 18%
website 2011 43% 29% 14% 15% -
SF FRIENDS website 2015-16 50% 50% students of color
PSS 2013-14 56% 9% 4% 3% 28%
PSS 2011-12 63% 7% 5% 1% 23%
CHILDREN'S DAY* website 2015-16 51% 49% students of color
PSS 2013-14 54% 8% 8% 2% 27%
PSS 2011-12 54% 9% 14% 1% 22%
SYNERGY website 2015-16 53% 47% students of color
PSS 2013-14 48% 5% 7% 6% 33%
PSS 2011-12 42% 34% 12% 4% 8%
PRESIDIO HILL* website 2015-16 54% 9% 8% 3% 21%
PSS 2013-14 52% 11% 7% 3% 27%
PSS 2011-12 67% 5% 9% 4% 14%
LIVE OAK website 2015-16 57% 43% students of color
PSS 2013-14 68% 2% 3% 3% 22%
PSS 2011-12 71% 4% 4% 3% 18%
HAMLIN website 2015-16 60% 40% families of color
PSS 2013-14 64% 10% 3% 5% 18%
PSS 2011-12 61% 10% 1% 3% 24%
CATHEDRAL website 2015-16 62% 38% students of color
PSS 2013-14 66% 7% 3% 8% 16%
PSS 2011-12 76% 9% 4% 6% 5%
SF DAY website 2015-16 65% 35% students of color
PSS 2013-14 59% 11% 3% 4% 22%
PSS 2011-12** 63% 8% 3% 4% 23%
ADDA CLEVENGER    website 2015-16 info on race/ethnicity not given
PSS 2013-14 66% 4% 12% 2% 17%
PSS 2011-12 69% 11% 9% 9% -
BURKE website 2015-16 70% 30% students of color
PSS 2013-14 65% 15% 3% 2% 15%
PSS 2011-12 67% 14% 5% 2% 12%
TOWN website 2015-16 info not given**
PSS 2013-14 75% 14% 5% 4% 2%
PSS 2011-12 70% 16% 6% 5% -
KITTREDGE website 2015-16 info not given
PSS 2013-14 83% 10% 5% -   -  
PSS 2011-12 83% 10% 5% - -
MARIN PREP*** website 2015-16 not given
Recruiting brochure for Head of School
2012-13
90% 10% students of color
BRANDEIS-HILLEL website 2015-16 not given
PSS 2013-14 91% - 1% 1% 6%
PSS 2011-12 91% -1% 1%  6%
Source: Private School Universe Survey, National Center for Education Statistics. 
http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/pss/privateschoolsearch/

* The Private School Universe Survey (PSS) does not include preschool/transitional kindergarten enrollment. Schools with preschool/TKs may include those students in race/ethnicity percentages on their websites. (ie SF School, Presidio Hill, Children's Day).
** Town reports 36% from "diverse families," not broken out by race, LGBT or family structure. 
*** Marin Prep, which did not participate in PSS, was included after finding data elsewhere online. 
**** Alta Vista did not provide information on student race/ethnicity to PSS.

Some notes on the table above:

The higher the percentage of white students, the less information schools tend to give about their racial/ethnic enrollment.

 There are exceptions, but a rule of thumb is that if a school doesn't provide info about racial/ethnic enrollment on their website, it's probably over 70% white.

Trends over time matter.
Since most incoming students are kindergarteners, shifts in the overall racial/ethnic composition of a school are concentrated in the lower grades. For example, both SF School and SF Friends School are about 50% white overall, but the trends over time are in opposite directions, suggesting significant differences in the racial/ethnic composition of their kindergarten and 1st grades.

San Francisco Day School's enrollment went to 35% students of color this year, after being stable at 40% students of color since at least 2012. Five percent is a large change for a K-8 since kindergarten is only 11% of total enrollment.  This suggests kindergarten enrollment that was almost all white for 2015-16 and/or higher attrition for students of color in upper grades last year. Another possibility is a change in reporting/definition of student of color.

 

Students of color does not equal parents of color.

A significant proportion of Asian, Latino and African-American children at the more expensive private schools are adopted or multiracial. Parents of color looking for a community of other parents of color, take note. At one popular school 3 years ago, of 3 Asian kindergarteners, two were adopted and the other was biracial. Does this mean there was only 1 Asian parent for the entire kindergarten class? On the other hand, this can be a big draw for multiracial and adoptive families.

 

Staff of color does not equal teachers of color.

Many school websites give the percentage of staff of color. This may not reflect who interacts with students on a regular basis. For example, it may include the development director, janitor, IT, or (gasp!) the admissions director. Some schools try to have at least one teacher of color in each grade.  Others aim for equal numbers of male and female teachers, or Spanish-speaking teachers. If this is important to you, browsing school faculty directories can be useful.

The data is self-reported by schools, so take it with a grain of salt.  For example, Chinese American International School (CAIS) reported that they had exactly 50 students per grade for K-8, and no biracial/multiracial students (none!) on the PSS survey.


Enrollment by Grade


California requires private schools to submit information on enrollment by grade, staffing and religious affiliation. The California Department of Education compiles the information every year into the California Private School Directory.

Private School Enrollment by Grade, 2014-15

School K12345678UngradedK-8
Adda Clevenger 14 17 12 12 16 15 23 11 24 - 145
Alta Vista 44 29 32 30 17 17 - - - - 169
Brandeis Hillel 43 35 44 45 51 41 44 43 45 - 391
Brightworks 5 3 - 2 8 8 4 7 7 - 44
Burke 45 43 46 46 45 45 49 36 47 - 402
Cathedral 24 24 24 25 24 35 36 35 36 - 263
Children's Day 47 44 43 46 35 42 35 17 24 - 333
Chinese American (CAIS) 61 63 54 56 54 45 41 40 36 - 450
French American (K-12) 77 76 73 72 70 67 65 66 63 - 629
Hamlin 50 43 47 44 45 46 47 46 45 - 405
Kittredge 6 7 8 7 7 10 11 10 15 - 81
La Scuola 20 9 10 1 - - - - - - 40
Live Oak 44 24 23 24 23 24 38 53 37 - 290
Lycee Francais 54 58 57 57 55 53 72 56 58
520
Marin Prep 30 19 9 - - - - - - - 58
Presidio Hill 17 17 18 16 18 19 32 25 27 - 189
Presidio Knolls 43 32 16 - - - - - - - 91
Russian American Int'l/
SF Pacific Academy
12 10 12 5 10 0 11 3 0 - 63
SF Day 44 44 43 47 44 40 42 44 45 - 393
SF Friends 44 44 44 45 43 50 57 54 55 - 436
SF School 24 20 21 22 21 23 31 32 32 - 226
SF Waldorf (K-12) 67 29 23 21 30 28 30 29 23 - 280
Stratford 55 43 30 33 17 17 - - - - 195
Synergy 24 19 18 18 21 22 23 25 21 - 191
Town 47 46 46 43 43 46 45 44 48 - 408
Source: Private School Directory, California Department of Education
http://www.cde.ca.gov/ds/si/ps/


Declining enrollment going from K to 8 in language immersion schools (CAIS, FAIS).

It's harder for language immersion schools to fill spots in the upper grades because new students at the school must be at grade level in both English and the immersion language. This can lead to a stituation where middle school enrollments can become smaller instead of larger, at an age when many students are developmentally ready for a bigger pond. In the past, CAIS has accepted SFUSD Mandarin immersion K-5 "grads" to their middle school.

Still working on SFUSD enrollment data...

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