Saturday, August 16, 2014

Data: Attendance Areas' Residents per Kindergarten Seat

The discussion about Clarendon AA got me thinking about attendance area schools and what their real capacity is.

I've always found SFUSD's map below to be an odd way of looking at AA capacity. To calculate AA capacity, it uses all kindergarten seats that are geographically in the AA, including citywide programs.   For Clarendon's AA, which contains Alice Fong Yu and Rooftop, this is clearly misleading. (Source: SFUSD's 3rd Annual Report on School Assignment, page 39)

Below is the capacity for each attendance area, based on AA seats alone, and an edited map. Who's the most screwed? Residents of Webster, Cleveland and Monroe AAs, each with over 100 residents and just 22 AA spots. None of these AAs are CTIP1, so they have no priority elsewhere.


Edited:  Kindergarten applicants living in each attendance area relative to
kindergarten capacity of attendance area seats
Do attendance areas have the capacity to accomodate Kindergarten residents? Map.

SCHOOLS WITH AA RESIDENTS  > 200% of AA SEATS, 2013-14

SCHOOL AA Resident
% of AA seats
AA residents  AA
seats
Citywide programs
in AA (seats)
Approx
how much
of the AA is CTIP1?
Webster 651% 143 22 ImmS (44), Carmichael (SB 22, FB 22, GE 44)
Cleveland 594% 131 22 SB (44)
Monroe 506% 111 22 CB (22), ImmS (44), SF Community (33),
Moscone 465% 102 22 CB (22), SB (22), Marshall (ImmS 44) All
Bryant 422% 93 22 SB (22) Almost all
Carver 402% 177 44
All
Serra 396% 87 22 SB (22)
Drew 364% 160 44
Under 1/4
Sutro 354% 78 22 CB (22),
Lilienthal (ImmK 22, GE 66)

Harte 354% 78 22 ImmS (22) Almost all
Starr King 324% 71 22 ImmM (44) Almost all
Flynn 293% 129 44 ImmS (44),
Revere (ImmS 40, GE 20), 

Visitacion Valley 284% 187 66 CB (22) Half
Malcolm X 270% 54 20
Almost all
Taylor 265% 117 44 CB (44), SB (22)
Alvarado 262% 115 44 ImmS (44) A few blocks
Clarendon 260% 114 44 JBBP (44), AFY (66), Rooftop (66)
Longfellow 260% 114 44 SB (22), FB (22?)
Hillcrest 244% 98 40 CB (20), SB (20)
Chavez 219% 96 44 SB (44), Buena Vista (60),  Almost all
Parks 208% 83 40 JBBP (40) Half
Muir 206% 41 20 SB (20) Half


SCHOOLS WITH AA APPLICANTS BETWEEN 120-199% of AA SEATS, 2013-14

SCHOOL AA
Resident
% of
AA seats
AA
 residents 
AA
seats
Citywide programs
in AA (seats)
Approx
how much
of the AA is
CTIP1?
Glen Park 198% 87 44 SB (22), Fairmount (66)
New Traditions 195% 86 44
a quarter
Sheridan 180% 79 44

Tenderloin 177% 117 66
Half
Sanchez 171% 75 44 SB (22) a quarter
Parker 164% 36 22 CB
Milk 161% 71 44
Under 1/4
Stevenson 158% 104 66/88* Lawton (66)
McCoppin 147% 65 44 CB (22)
Miraloma 144% 86 60

Argonne 141% 93 66/88*

El Dorado 141% 93 66

Sunnyside 135% 89 66

Ulloa 129% 85 66 CB (22)
Guadalupe 129% 85 66 SB (22)
Alamo 129% 114 88

Ortega 128% 56 44 ImmM (22)
Spring Valley 123% 27 22 CB (22), SB (22)
Lau 120% 53 44 CB (66)
Cobb 120% 53 44

* Argonne and Stevenson alternate between 66 students one year and 88 the next.
   In 2013, both schools had 66 students.


SCHOOLS WITH AA APPLICANTS  < 120% OF AA SEATS, 2013-14

SCHOOL AA
Resident
% of
AA seats
AA
 residents 
AA
seats
Citywide programs
in AA (seats)
Approx
how much
 of the AA is
CTIP1?
Lafayette 119% 105 88

West Portal 119% 78 66 ImmC (33)
Garfield 118% 26 22 ImmC (22)
Wo 116% 51 44

Grattan 115% 76 66

Sherman 113% 75 66 Montessori (44)
Jefferson 113% 99 88

Peabody 111% 49 44

Sloat 106% 70 66

Key 99% 87 88

Sunset 87% 57 66

Feinstein 85% 75 88

McKinley 82% 54 66 CIS (66)
Redding 82% 36 44
a quarter
Chin 76% 17 22 CB (22)
Lakeshore 69% 61 88


Total K seats
2666
AA seats
1826 
citywide seats

CB - Chinese biliteracy pathway, for native Chinese speakers
SB - Spanish biliteracy pathway, for native Spanish speakers
ImmC - Cantonese Immersion
ImmM - Mandarin Immersion
ImmS - Spanish Immersion
JBBP - Japanese Bilingual Bicultural Program
FB - Filipino FLES
How the numbers were calculated:
AA applicants =  % from the SFUSD map x the number of seats at all schools in the AA
AA Resident % of AA seats = AA applicants/AA seats



Sources: 
Five year Demand Comparison - 2005-2010 - for K-12 schools that used to be on PPSSF's Historical Demand page, enrollment  data from Dataquest, and the size and racial breakdown of schools' individual K classrooms from California Department of Education's Staff and course data.
CTIP1 area for AA:  Above map and the revised CTIP1 areas from the 8/2013 post of Rachel Norton's blog.


Why so many citywide seats and so few AA seats?

Language pathways account for 80% of these citywide seats and a third of all kindergarten seats. Of the citywide seats, only 40% are open to monolingual English speakers: about 340 general education seats at Montessori and K-8 schools, and 400 seats for JBBP, Filipino FLES, and English-only speakers in language immersion.

Why so many language pathway seats? 

Three words: Lau v. Nichols.

In 1974, in this landmark civil rights case, the Supreme Court ruled that SFUSD was violating the civil rights of 1,800 monolingual Chinese students by teaching only in English, without any special effort to help them learn English. SFUSD agreed to provide bilingual education as part of the Lau consent decree.  The effects of this ruling are still with us today in the Lau Action Plan

SFUSD still has many students whose first language is not English, and as of 2009, it was still being monitored by the Department of Justice to make sure it was in compliance with the Lau consent decree. 

Next up:  Racially homogeneous elementary schools. Looking at the latest K-2 data, the number of elementary schools with over 60% of their K-2 enrollment from a single ethnic/racial group has declined by 5 in the last 2 years. 

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