Saturday, October 12, 2013

Data: SFUSD Elementary Schools by Race and Ethnicity

This post is one of 3 last data dumps before I get out of the way for this year's bloggers. Welcome, DadintheFog and Westside Mom!

Introduction
The diversity of San Francisco is one of the things I love about our city. It was important that my child's education in San Francisco include that diversity too.

Last fall, I was surprised to find that how few elementary schools reflect SFUSD's remarkable racial and ethnic diversity. 40% of SFUSD elementary schools are racially homogeneous, with over 60% of their enrollment from a single racial or ethnic group.  Most elementary school enrollments reflect some degree of de facto segregation. The reasons for this are complex. They include language immersion and bilingual/biliterate pathways, as well as segregation of the San Francisco's neighborhoods, illustrated by the map below.

Racial Dot Map of San Francisco
Source: The Racial Dot Map, Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service, University of Virginia

Since others have asked, here is a breakdown of the racial and ethnic enrollment of SFUSD elementary schools.



SFUSD Elementary Schools by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-12

I hope this information will be used to help families find schools where their child won't be the only one of their race and to find schools that are racially diverse, not to avoid schools with "too many" students of another race.

For the purposes of this post, I grouped the schools based on how many of SF's major racial/ethnic groups are represented at each school, using a threshold of 5% for African American and 10% for all other groups.  The threshold of 10% was chosen because it averaged out to 2 children per classroom. I used a lower threshold for African Americans because SFUSD enrollment is only 9%.

There's many ways to slice and dice the data.  For example, for parents of African American children,  5% African American enrollment may not be enough, since that means your child would probably be the only African American student in the classroom.

Guide to symbols by the school name in the tables below
*Racially homogeneous - over 60% of a single ethnic or racial group
AUnder 10% Asian, including Filipino
BUnder 5% Black or African American. 
L


Under 10% Latino, of any race.
Because of SF's large Asian and Latino populations,  SFUSD has Asian students from Latin America, including Asian students who are monolingual Spanish-speakers. 
WUnder 10% White

A. All 4 Major Racial/Ethnic Groups Represented in 2011-12 K-2 Enrollment

School Hispanic
or Latino of Any Race
Not Hispanic or Latino
Decline
to State
African American Asian  Filipino Pacific Islander White Two or More Races
SFUSD 27% 9% 33% 4% 1% 17% 6% 3%
Glen Park 51% 15% 10% 4% 0% 12% 6% 2%
King 16% 21% 23% 1% 7% 22% 8% 3%
Lakeshore 18% 12% 41% 4% 0% 16% 5% 2%
McKinley 12% 11% 8% 3% 1% 53% 7% 3%
Milk 13% 17% 8% 5% 0% 39% 14% 4%
Ortega 17% 11% 38% 6% 2% 12% 11% 3%
Parks15% 26% 27% 3% 0% 15% 10% 3%
Redding 33% 6% 27% 6% 1% 22% 4% 1%
Rooftop 23% 14% 15% 4% 1% 31% 7% 4%
SF Community 41% 13% 15% 8% 1% 18% 2% 1%
SF Montessori 11% 15% 15% 2% 0% 41% 15% 0%
Sherman 12% 7% 30% 1% 0% 40% 7% 3%
Sloat 10% 6% 41% 4% 1% 33% 5% 1%
Sunnyside 17% 6% 17% 6% 0% 41% 7% 4%
Tenderloin 38% 11% 23% 5% 0% 13% 6% 2%


B. Schools with 3 Racial/Ethnic Groups Represented in 2011-12 K-2 enrollment, with no group >60% of enrollment

School Hispanic
or Latino of Any Race
Not Hispanic or Latino
Decline
to State
African American Asian  Filipino Pacific Islander White Two or More Races
SFUSD 27% 9% 33% 4% 1% 17% 6% 3%
AlvaradoA 43% 5% 4% 3% 0% 34% 8% 3%
CarmichaelW 34% 10% 10% 33% 0% 4% 4% 4%
ClarendonB 12% 3% 33% 3% 1% 31% 9% 7%
CobbA 19% 49% 5% 4% 0% 14% 9% 0%
El DoradoW 31% 33% 10% 8% 9% 5% 3% 1%
FeinsteinB 10% 3% 41% 2% 0% 33% 7% 4%
GrattanB 11% 4% 15% 1% 1% 57% 8% 1%
HillcrestW 41% 8% 38% 5% 0% 1% 4% 2%
LafayetteB 10% 3% 37% 3% 0% 33% 10% 3%
LilienthalL 9% 9% 30% 2% 0% 32% 11% 5%
McCoppinB 15% 3% 57% 0% 0% 11% 9% 5%
MiralomaL 6% 8% 16% 2% 0% 55% 7% 6%
New TraditionsA 17% 14% 6% 3% 0% 47% 9% 2%
PeabodyB 12% 3% 19% 3% 1% 46% 10% 6%
SheridanW 35% 19% 20% 7% 4% 6% 4% 3%
WebsterA 49% 12% 2% 0% 2% 26% 7% 1%

C. Schools with Two Racial/Ethnic Groups Represented in 2011-12 K-2 enrollment, with no group > 60% of enrollment

School Hispanic
or Latino of Any Race
Not Hispanic or Latino
Decline
to State
African American Asian  Filipino Pacific Islander White Two or More Races
SFUSD 27% 9% 33% 4% 1% 17% 6% 3%
ArgonneBL 9% 4% 48% 0% 0% 31% 5% 2%
Creative Arts CharterAL 9% 10% 3% 5% 0% 55% 6% 10%
GuadalupeBW 49% 4% 21% 12% 2% 3% 5% 2%
HarteAW 43% 38% 2% 2% 8% 2% 4% 2%
JeffersonBL 3% 1% 55% 3% 0% 25% 9% 3%
LongfellowBW 39% 2% 25% 24% 2% 1% 3% 4%
MonroeBW 53% 3% 30% 2% 0% 8% 2% 1%
MuirAW 46% 39% 2% 2% 0% 2% 5% 5%
Spring ValleyBW 39% 3% 47% 1% 0% 4% 3% 2%
SunsetBL 7% 2% 47% 1% 0% 27% 10% 4%
Yick WoBL 7% 4% 46% 0% 1% 29% 9% 4%

D.  Schools with over 60% of K-2 Enrollment From a Single Racial/Ethnic Group in 2011-12

School Hispanic
or Latino of Any Race
Not Hispanic or Latino
Decline
to State
African American Asian  Filipino Pacific Islander White Two or More Races
SFUSD 27% 9% 33% 4% 1% 17% 6% 3%
AlamoBL 8% 1% 62% 2% 2% 17% 5% 4%
BryantABW 91% 3% 0% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1%
Buena Vista/MannAB 72% 3% 0% 0% 0% 17% 4% 2%
CarverALW 9% 65% 1% 1% 14% 2% 5% 1%
ChavezABW 82% 4% 5% 3% 1% 2% 1% 2%
ChinBLW 1% 0% 92% 0% 0% 2% 3% 2%
CIS at DeAvilaBL 1% 2% 61% 1% 0% 20% 11% 3%
ClevelandABW 84% 2% 4% 5% 1% 1% 2% 1%
DrewAW 12% 73% 1% 0% 4% 0% 5% 5%
Edison CharterAW 80% 11% 2% 1% 0% 4% 1% 0%
FairmountA 69% 5% 1% 0% 0% 16% 4% 4%
FlynnA 61% 9% 2% 2% 1% 18% 4% 2%
GarfieldL 8% 9% 61% 2% 3% 10% 7% 1%
KeyBL 5% 1% 64% 3% 1% 19% 7% 1%
LauBW 10% 0% 86% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1%
LawtonBLW 5% 4% 80% 2% 0% 4% 3% 2%
Malcolm XALW 5% 76% 2% 5% 5% 0% 5% 2%
MarshallABW 83% 3% 0% 2% 0% 8% 2% 2%
Mission Prep*AW 76% 5% 5% 2% 0% 7% 5% 0%
Moscone*BW 66% 1% 24% 1% 0% 3% 3% 1%
Parker*BLW 4% 2% 86% 0% 0% 4% 3% 0%
Revere*AW 60% 15% 1% 4% 1% 8% 8% 4%
Sanchez*AW 80% 6% 3% 1% 0% 3% 2% 3%
Serra*AW 71% 6% 7% 3% 1% 5% 4% 2%
Stevenson*BLW 2% 1% 86% 3% 0% 3% 3% 2%
Sutro*BL 4% 1% 75% 3% 0% 10% 5% 1%
Taylor*BW 26% 3% 60% 5% 1% 2% 2% 1%
Ulloa*BLW 3% 1% 80% 3% 0% 5% 5% 2%
Vis Valley*W 17% 12% 56% 5% 3% 0% 5% 1%
West Portal*BL 5% 3% 67% 4% 0% 12% 6% 2%
Yu*BLW 4% 3% 75% 2% 0% 5% 7% 5%

Source: 2011-12 data file of enrollment by school downloaded from the California Department of Education at http://www.cde.ca.gov/ds/sd/sd/fsenr.asp.
Schools can also be looked up individually at http://dq.cde.ca.gov/dataquest/

NB:  Do not use SFUSD 2012-13 enrollment data by race/ethnicity from the California Dept of Education website. It is wildly inaccurate for both the district and individual schools.  According to the reported data,  SFUSD had just 208 Asian kindergarten students in 2012-13.  Pacific Islander kindergarten enrollment reportedly increased 7-fold,  and "Not reported/Decline to state" went from 52 in 2011-12 to 2769 kindergarteners in 2012-13.

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